Democrats seem to find themselves in a brilliant high-pressure squeeze

The federal government shutdown has presented a unique opportunity for President Donald Trump to clear out the deadwood in the federal bureaucracy, saving U.S. taxpayers billions of dollars in salaries, perks, and rented office space for people who aren’t doing anything productive.

At the same time, Trump can get rid of dozens, possibly even hundreds of Deep State operatives in the government, handpicked by Barack Obama and Bill Clinton for their loyalty to the Democratic Party rather than to their country or the law.

These people leak like a screen door in a submarine, mainly to CNN and MSNBC, the twin headquarters of Trump-haters on cable TV.  Peter Strzok and Lisa Page were choreographing their leaks to the media via text messages.  Even though Strzok was fired and Page resigned, it’s clear there are many others. They actively resist Trump and the Republicans at every opportunity.  This is the core of the Deep State resistance.

A high-ranking Trump administration official wrote four days ago in the Daily Caller that the shutdown enables Trump to get rid of people like this.  As members of the Senior Executive Service, many of them can’t be fired unless they’re convicted of a felony, or of committing some flagrant misconduct.

This is indeed Trump’s chance to “smoke out the Resistance,” but he must do it carefully.  Thomas Lifson has published two columns in the American Thinker, here and here, explaining that SES employees cannot be furloughed (laid off) under normal circumstances, but they can be removed during a Reduction in Force (RIF) when their positions are found to be unnecessary.

In the Daily Caller article our unnamed administration official explains that roughly 80% of the federal work force in many departments, including his own, simply don’t do anything.  They plan shopping trips and vacations.  They send out résumés for better-paying positions, perhaps without realizing that any new employer might expect them to actually get some work done.

My experience in employment law teaches me that all federal employees are working under some kind of written contract, whether it’s a collectively bargained contract with a union or an individual employment contract.  As of today (January 18), the shutdown is in its 28th day.  At 30 days, even SES executives loyal to the Democratic Party become vulnerable to the RIF monster.

Lifson believes, and I also suspect, that Trump suckered the Democrats into a battle royale over the southern border wall which Mr. Trump has proposed.  By refraining from declaring a national emergency and then building the wall anyway (with Department of Defense funds saved from the withdrawal from Syria), Trump can simply bypass Congress.  He can order the Army Corps of Engineers to build it.

I believe that by making that threat and repeating it, but not following through on it, Trump has created a lingering atmosphere in which Nancy Pelosi and Chuck Schumer feel compelled to stop him at any cost.  In political terms, they’re willing to die on this hill.

Immigrants, when they gain the right to vote for the first time, almost always vote for Democrats.  A recent Yale-MIT study reveals that the actual number of illegal aliens in the U.S. is 22 million, which is roughly the populations of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland combined.   And the Democrats want all 22 million of these illegals to have amnesty, citizenship, and voting rights as quickly as possible.

So Chuckie and Nancy want no wall.  They want no ICE.  They may not have openly expressed the latter sentiment, but several prominent younger voices in their party have done so very clearly.  Bringing these millions of mostly Latino illegals into the voting population would be an enormous gain for the Democratic Party, but Trump may bait them into losing their Deep State network of loyal Democratic Party operatives in the bureaucracy.

As Lifson explains, and Michael Roberts explains at The Balance Careers here, on Day 30 of the shutdown, a clause is triggered in these federal employment contracts that enables RIF to be activated.  The Office of Personnel Management oversees the RIF process.

A downsizing plan must be presented to OMB on Day 31.  Trump’s team needs to act fast.  The plan must include all of the people who just sit around texting each other about their next leak to MSNBC, or planning their next protest march in a pink hat.  It will take another 30 days to implement the plan.  Roughly 800,000 federal employees could be permanently removed under this plan, with an annual savings of roughly $80 billion in salaries alone.  Including the pensions, the government vehicles, and the rented office space, furniture, and equipment, it could be $150 billion.

In particular, removing the SES employees and their hefty salaries represents a huge savings.  After the massive RIF, Trump could go ahead with Plan B, declare an emergency, and send that order to the Corps of Engineers.  The Democratic Party will be faced with a Hobson’s choice: lose the Latino vote, or lose the Deep State.  I suspect that when presented with this possibility, Chuckie and Nancy will immediately cave in (they aren’t that stupid).

At that point, Trump should raise the stakes.  “Approve all of my judicial nominees immediately, or the shutdown continues, and the RIF takes effect.  Then I declare an emergency, and we get the border wall anyway.”

Since the Latino vote isn’t a sure thing, they’ll choose to keep the Deep State, and they’ll cave in.  The Latino population will gradually go from mostly pro-Democrat to independent or even Republican, as so many Latinos in the Rio Grande Valley have done.  Most people outside Texas don’t know this, but Governor Greg Abbott (R-Texas) won with a plurality of the Latino vote – and a slender majority (50%-49%) of Latino males.  If we can start to duplicate that in other states, the Democratic Party will be just about finished.

We didn’t elect Trump to go to church with us.  We elected him to clean house.  This is the best chance to get it done.


[From an article by Jim Davis, published by AMERICAN THINKER]




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Democrats put pro-LGBT priest in position of chaplain of the US House of Representatives

Fr. ConroyA Catholic priest who once earned the ire of former Speaker of the House Paul Ryan will retain his post as chaplain of the U.S. House of Representatives after members of Congress, with Democrats now holding a majority of seats, voted January 3 to keep Fr. Patrick J. Conroy SJ as chaplain for the next two years as the 116th session began.

According to House rules, the 68-year-old Conroy’s only specified duty is to “offer a prayer at the commencement of each day’s sitting of the House.” However, he is known to offer counsel to the House members, regardless of affiliation.

In 2017, Conroy fell afoul of Republican leaders in Congress. On November 6 of that year, Conroy offered a prayer during the midst of efforts by erstwhile House Speaker Ryan, a fellow Catholic, to get the votes he needed to pass a Republican tax overhaul bill. Critics of the bill claimed that it would unduly affect the poor while enriching the wealthy.

In April 2018, Ryan asked for his resignation, which Conroy did with an effective date of May 24. However, after a firestorm of indignation on the part of Democrats, Conroy rescinded his resignation and announced he intended to remain. Speaker Ryan accepted the withdrawal of the resignation and reinstated Conroy as House Chaplain on May 3, 2018.

In an undated YouTube video interview that appeared in 2015, Conroy declared that Catholic doctrine regarding homosexuality is a “dead end.” Suggesting that Catholic teaching is antiquated, he said, “Now, we have theology on all this stuff and the answer is ‘gays can never engage in this and can never be married.’” He said, “But that’s a theology that goes back centuries before there was any understanding of human psychology, human individuality, human sexuality and all those kinds of understandings of the human psychosis, and the human persons that weren’t as complete prior to these kinds of advances in understanding.” Conroy went on to say, “Human beings procreate male-female, but human sexuality isn’t just about that. It’s about so much more … which is self-evident.”

Father James Martin, a fellow Jesuit and LGBT advocate, sprang to Conroy’s defense as liberal Democrats denounced Speaker Ryan’s call for the chaplain’s resignation. In a May 2018 tweet, Martin wrote that Conroy’s firing was “unjust.” Martin wrote “advocating for the poor and marginalized is what every priest, every minister, in fact every Christian, is called to do. If you have problem with that, you have a problem with Jesus.”

The House Chaplain’s budget was approximately $436,886 in 2016, according to an article at Patheos. Salaries for the chaplain and two assistants top $345,000 per year, according to InsideGov. The House Chaplain earns a salary at Level IV of the Executive Schedule for federal employees. Other federal employees at that level include the general counsels of the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force; the chief financial officers of NASA and the EPA; and the Army’s Director of Civil Defense.


[From an article published by LIFESITE NEWS]


NORM ‘n’ AL Note:  We have arrived at the point in our “advanced thinking” where the Bible no longer matters, even to those who are supposed to support and proclaim it. Fr. Conroy thinks God’s viewpoint on homosexuality is a “dead end.” He says Catholic teaching is “antiquated,” meaning Catholics are wasting their time if they try to follow it. He says that our theology ( i.e., the Bible) “goes back centuries” and no longer lines up with contemporary thinking on such subjects as “human sexuality.”  Fr. Conroy is not fit to remain in the Catholic church or any other church.  He is not deserving of the priestly title of “father.”  Not only does he not believe or follow Catholic teaching, he does not even believe in the Bible!  If you want to know how the USA got to where it is today, with our political parties at each others’ throats, with Muslims being elected to governmental positions and then showing us how subversive they intend to be now that they have been sworn in (using the Koran), and with our citizens more concerned about cosmetics and cellphones than they are with the well-being of their neighbors, you have now seen a perfect example of how far we have sunk as a people and a country.  And Fr. Conroy and his two assistants receive nearly a half-million dollars a year of your tax money to promote their anti-Biblical nonsense!  Fr. Conroy is wasting his time praying for the US House of Representatives or anyone else…God certainly is not listening to him!




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Can a nation commit suicide?

Can a nation actually die by suicide? Abraham Lincoln certainly believed so.

Long before he was given the task of guiding this country through the terrible Civil War in which 600,000 of our forebears were killed, Lincoln gave a speech in which he said, “At what point then is the approach of danger to be expected? I answer: If it ever reach us, it must spring up amongst us…. If destruction be our lot, we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of free men, we must live through all time or die by suicide.”

Abraham Lincoln was saying that we were too prepared and powerful and too blessed by Almighty God to die from outside attack. Therefore, if we were to be put in danger, that danger would have to come from within. This speech of warning launched a political career that ultimately took Lincoln to the White House.

His warning was eerily prophetic, since some years afterward this nation would tear itself apart as state fought against state and brother against brother. The USA came perilously close to dying by suicide. We paid a terrible price in that war, and the scars of that conflict remain with us to this day.

Thomas Jefferson, another famous American president, also spoke a prophetic warning about this nation: “Can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are the gift of God? …Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just, that His justice cannot sleep forever.”

Today the United States is at a crossroads, bitterly divided not only over its future but also over its past. A cultural war is underway in which clear battle lines have been drawn.

Does a nation have a future if millions of people within it are doing all they possibly can to eradicate God from that nation? When a nation once thought to be like a shining city on a hill becomes more and more like Sodom and Gomorrah, rotting from immorality, murdering a million of its unborn every year for the sake of convenience, what future can that nation have?  We have a government of elected officials who are constantly at each others’ throats, who have no desire at all to be civil to each other while they ignore the issues that Americans elected them to address. Our elected senators and representatives care only about themselves and their perks of office, and seek to be elected only because they know there is a fat pension that comes with the job.

God’s people, the Jews, turned away from Him and were judged severely. God said to them, “Turn from your evil ways! Why should you die, O house of Israel? …I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but desire that the wicked should turn from his evil way and live.”  (From Ezekiel ch. 33)   Are we so sure that America will not be judged for its own evil ways?  If that is really what we are thinking, we have been greatly deluded.

Since World War II ended, we have watched as the strength of the once-great British Empire has diminished to a point where the United Kingdom is wracked and torn by cultural division and disintegration. There is no British Empire any longer, but only a large island in the North Atlantic which is not even a shadow of its former self. The United States is following in Britain’s footsteps…and both paths of self-destruction were willingly chosen!  America’s own people will indeed be the “author and finisher” of this country’s national demise.

America is now under assault from within by extreme forces which have engaged the country in an all-out war to transform us into something our founding fathers and our previous generations would not recognize or condone. This same struggle is occurring in other Western nations as well.

Recent political campaigns leading up to our mid-term elections presented starkly different views and visions for this nation. One view showed us a national path rooted in the best principles of America’s Constitution and its past, while the other view offered a path veering sharply away from long-held American values and traditions.  The level of hostility in our recent elections verged on warfare, and on some occasions that hostility led to outright violence.

The hostility throughout our government has only grown deeper and more senseless since the presidential election two years ago.


[From recent articles published by]




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The “Great Wall of America” will break the Democrats

Democrats know that the wall is imminent.  Democrats know that the wall is what will finally break them, and no amount of Democrat and Democrat Media Industrial Complex (DMIC) agitprop will ever tear down the wall.  It will be the chasm between the old guard and the burgeoning of Leninism within the party.

The wall is deserving of proper name capitalization.

The Democrats know that The Wall will achieve its intent of deterring and preventing mass illegal immigration, which has resulted in an illegal alien population that the federal government has no true and accurate count for.

The Wall will even get Queen Hillary to finally go home and stay there. We know that President Trump has described The Wall as “beautiful,” but we don’t care if it’s the ugly Christmas sweater of American architecture.  The Wall is Mount Rushmore and AR-15s and Confederate statues and the Electoral College and the Gadsden flag all in one. It is a watchtower, a monument to sovereignty, an homage to our citizens, our law enforcement officers, all the Americans who have to worry about not only American criminals attacking them, but those here illegally as well.  Are we afraid of crimes being committed against us by those who shouldn’t be here?  You bet we are…and if most of the spineless politicians in Washington acted a bit more truthful and fearful, Kate Steinle, Mollie Tibbetts, and Ronil Singh would likely still be alive.  Singh, a California police officer killed by an illegal alien in the line of duty last week, emigrated from Fiji, a country I bet is way safer than our illustrious Hollywood Holy State.

The cult of the Democrats’ gun confiscation sales pitch has always been “if it saves one life.”  If they really believe that, let’s all vote to fund The Wall and end the government shutdown.  If The Wall saves one life (it’ll save many more), and saves even a tiny percentage of the annual $116-billion illegal alien financial burden, then by all means let’s break ground today.  Not tomorrow, TODAY. Nothing would make more sense. Just keep reiterating this to all your Democrat friends and relatives: “but if it saves one life,” “but if it saves one life,” ” but if it saves one life.”

Both the Democrats and the Republicans know that The Wall will work spectacularly well.  The Beto knows it.  Fugaziahontas Elizabeth Warren knows it.  Kuckoo Kamala Harris knows it, and maybe even our dumbest new senator Ocasio-Cortez knows it.  The Wall will accelerate cannibalization within the Democratic Party, between establishment Dems who are mostly covert Leninists, and the new-school Dems who are unabashedly open about their collectivist fetish.  The Wall is the Bolsheviks overthrowing Tsar Nicholas II, and it will usher in the Democrats’ version of the Russian Revolution.  It will be a sight to behold.  Recommended viewing beverage is a Build That Wall cocktail.  Yes, such a drink exists.

Here’s one thing you can be sure of: The entrenched Washingtonian Democratic and Republican parties can’t stand the fact that a reality television star president will do more to curb illegal immigration and the ills it has begotten than all of their lousy efforts, combined.

How much will The Wall cost?  A lot of moola; $25 billion, maybe more.  Is it worth it?  Sure is.  Am I concerned that Mexico won’t pay for it?  Nope.

Admittedly, I’m not thrilled about all aspects of The Wall, such as the expected eminent domain, which could displace hundreds of landowners.  Since these property-owners will be an integral part of history, let’s compensate them with at least double their market value.

The Wall Makes or Breaks 2020

The Wall is a black and white, make-or-break policy issue for Trump.  He knows he can’t cave to the Democrats on this.  If he does, read my lips: Queen Hillary will be the 2020 Democrat nominee, and she will win.

But worry not.  The Wall is Fort Sumter; there’s no going back from it now.

The Wall isn’t anti-immigrant; in fact, it might be the most pro-immigrant expenditure in American history – a ubiquitous reminder that America is the most generous nation in the history of the world – which admits two legal immigrants every minute of every day and will welcome with open arms those who adhere to our rule of law.  Nationalism is the glue that holds this whole American experiment together.

Some presidents wants freeways, hospitals, and airports named after them.  Not our president.  The Donald J. Trump Great Wall of America is what he wants, and it’s what the majority of people in the majority of states want.  Time to get this “elections have consequences” party started.

Build that wall along all 2,000 miles of the southern border, Mr. President.  Build it high, build it wide, build it tall, as tall as the sky.  Build it big enough and tall enough to be visible from outer space.


[From an article by Rich Logis, published by AMERICAN THINKER]




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Tucker Carlson of Fox News has a way of seeing through all the political smoke and mirrors in Washington

“We are ruled by mercenaries who feel no long-term obligation to the people.”


Tucker Carlson

Tucker Carlson has a long record of telling it like it is.

In keeping with his reputation, the Fox News host gave a very detailed monologue this week explaining why the political class hates America.

And he just blew the lid off one of the biggest scandals in American history.

Tucker Carlson took a moment to explain why Mitt Romney decided to attack President Trump in his op-ed on Wednesday.

The Fox News host dissected Romney’s motivations and how they serve as part of a greater trend in American politics.

His conclusion was stunning. Carlson pointed out that Romney’s comments were just the latest in a longstanding “feud” between himself and the President.

Carlson called it a “window” into how politicians in both parties view America.

Carlson duly noted that Romney attacked President Trump’s decision to pull troops out of Syria when Congress had never authorized any war in Syria to begin with, and that he never offered to explain how staying in Syria has benefited the average American.

Carlson went on to say:

“Romney refers to unwavering support for a finance-based economy and an internationalist foreign policy as

the “mainstream Republican” view. He’s right. For generations, Republicans have considered it their duty to make the world safe for banking, while simultaneously prosecuting ever more foreign wars.”

“Modern Democrats generally support these goals. There are signs, however, that most people do not support this, and not just in America. In countries around the world…What you’re watching is populations revolting against leaders who refuse to improve their lives.”

Carlson then dove into the cultural and societal decay that has gripped the country for decades—which leaders such as Romney have always failed to address.  The Fox News host pointed out that material progress and prosperity no longer represent the fulfillment Americans used to think it did, adding, “Anyone who thinks the health of a nation can be summed up in GDP is an idiot.”

Carlson then took his monologue towards an indictment against not just Romney, but the entire political class.

“We are ruled by mercenaries who feel no long-term obligation to the people they rule. They’re day traders. Substitute teachers. They’re just passing through. They have no skin in this game, and it shows. They can’t solve our problems. They don’t even bother to understand our problems.”


NORM ‘n’ AL Note:  A few Muslims were elected last November who exhibit this statement very clearly. They want to do away with Washington traditions by showing up for work in Muslim dress; they introduce legislation which is in no way beneficial to the American people (a Michigan Muslim woman curses the President in open defiance as she says she will try to impeach him); and they want to be sworn into office placing their hand on the Koran and not the Bible.  Is it really possible that Americans thought it was a good idea to elect completely inexperienced Muslims into our Congress?  Carlson hit the nail on the head: We do not have elected senators and representatives who CARE about Americans or our country. They care about their bloated pay scale and very generous retirement plan, and they really care about all the perks of office that come along with the job, but they care not at all about the people of America who elected them.


Carlson clearly illustrated what motivated Romney to write his op-ed against the President.

Romney is unable to connect with the average American, and he never will.  What drove Romney to attack the President is what drives nearly everyone politically connected to D.C. to attack Trump. Unlike Trump, they don’t understand the rest of America.

The political class can’t comprehend the pain, hopelessness, or isolation millions of Americans are facing in the present culture of our society.

The political class can’t understand why Americans rejected the status quo and voted for Donald Trump in 2016.

Worst of all, the establishment on both sides of the aisle doesn’t care to change their approach because it has worked so well for them in many decades past.

Carlson pointed out that Romney is no different from the same politicians Trump repudiated in 2016, and that’s what feeds Romney’s feud with the President to this day.


NORM ‘n’ AL Note:  That and the fact that losing candidates seldom are willing to simply fade into history; they usually want to make sure we know we made a great mistake in not electing them to the office they so richly deserve and are oh-so-qualified for.  Just look at Hillary.  She simply will not go away, even though she lost the election.  She wants to be sure we know she is there waiting for another chance to run.  In the meantime, she is still running…amok.  Politicians today have no clue how to be civil, let alone respectful, to one another.  Somehow they have gotten the impression that the more arrogant, foul-mouthed, and ignorant they are, the more they deserve to be in office.  None of this is lost on Americans, who are pretty sure that the country they used to love is circling the drain in many different ways.


[From an article published by GREAT AMERICAN DAILY]




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Federal grand jury has agreed to hear evidence that part of 9/11 attack was a controlled demolition

Still big questions about the 9/11 attack


The 9/11 truth movement has been active and persistent for over 17 years, and while mainstream media won’t touch the story, and while most Americans refuse to even consider the possibility that the attacks were an inside job, the actual evidence supporting a controlled demolition theory is so convincing that a legitimate federal grand jury investigation will address this very question.

Thousands of architects and engineerspilots, security professionals, journalists and concerned citizens have been demanding that the federal government release the truth about the attacks, all noting that there is overwhelming circumstantial and scientific evidence proving that the World Trade Center towers, including building 7, were brought down by a pre-planned controlled demolition.

The evidence for this is exceptionally captivating, and The Lawyers’ Committee for 9/11 Inquiry has successfully submitted a petition to the federal government demanding that a grand jury consider this possibility. Finally, the U.S. Attorney has issued a response, agreeing to ‘comply with the law’ and open a grand jury investigation. This could mark the most substantial progress to date in the fight for 9/11 truth.

“The Lawyers’ Committee’s April 10th 52-page original Petition was accompanied by 57 exhibits and presented extensive evidence that explosives were used to destroy three WTC buildings. That evidence included independent scientific laboratory analysis of WTC dust samples showing the presence of high-tech explosives and/or incendiaries; numerous first-hand reports by First Responders of explosions at the WTC on 9/11; expert analysis of seismic evidence that explosions occurred at the WTC towers on 9/11 prior to the airplane impacts and prior to the building collapses; and expert analysis by architects, engineers, and scientists concluding that the rapid onset symmetrical near-free-fall acceleration collapse of three WTC high rise buildings on 9/11 exhibited the key characteristics of controlled demolition. The Lawyers’ Committee’s July 30th Amended Petition addresses several additional federal crimes beyond the federal bombing crime addressed in the original Petition. The Lawyers’ Committee concluded in the petitions that explosive and incendiary devices preplaced at the WTC were detonated causing the complete collapse of the WTC Twin Towers on 9/11 and increasing the tragic loss of life.” [Source]


This famous video of the free fall collapse of WTC building 7 has haunted the internet for years, demanding justice. In it, you can see a virtually unharmed building being brought down in a matter of seconds, exactly like a professional controlled building demolition.

The following interview with the founder of Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth goes into great detail about the criminal nature of the cover up of the truth about these attacks.

Seventeen years after the worst terrorist attack in modern history, we may be finally seeing some official recognition that the official story is false and incomplete. Will the truth finally be revealed? Time will tell. While we wait, however, you can view the petition to the federal grand jury here.


[From an article published by DC CLOTHESLINE]




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Abortion vs. Murder, Part 2…

Human embryo at 16 weeks

Medical textbooks overwhelmingly state what should be obvious to the rest of us: Human life begins at conception.

“The life cycle of mammals begins when a sperm enters an egg.”

Okada et al., A role for the elongator complex in zygotic paternal genome demethylation, NATURE 463:554 (Jan. 28, 2010)


“Fertilization is the process by which male and female haploid gametes (sperm and egg) unite to produce a genetically distinct individual.”

Signorelli et al., Kinases, phosphatases and proteases during sperm capacitation, CELL TISSUE RES. 349(3):765 (Mar. 20, 2012)


“The oviduct or Fallopian tube is the anatomical region where every new life begins in mammalian species. After a long journey, the spermatozoa meet the oocyte in the specific site of the oviduct named ampulla, and fertilization takes place.”

Coy et al., Roles of the oviduct in mammalian fertilization, REPRODUCTION 144(6):649 (Oct. 1, 2012) (emphasis added).


“Fertilization – the fusion of gametes to produce a new organism – is the culmination of a multitude of intricately regulated cellular processes.”

Marcello et al., Fertilization, ADV. EXP. BIOL. 757:321 (2013)


National Institutes of Health, Medline Plus Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary (2013),

The government’s own definition attests to the fact that life begins at fertilization. According to the National Institutes of Health, “fertilization” is the process of union of two gametes (i.e., ovum and sperm) “whereby the somatic chromosome number is restored and the development of a new individual is initiated.”

Steven Ertelt”Undisputed Scientific Fact: Human Life Begins at Conception, or Fertilization” 11/18/13


“Human life begins at fertilization, the process during which a male gamete or sperm (spermatozoo developmentn) unites with a female gamete or oocyte (ovum) to form a single cell called a zygote. This highly specialized, totipotent cell marked the beginning of each of us as a unique individual.” “A zygote is the beginning of a new human being (i.e., an embryo).”

Keith L. Moore, The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 7th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2003. pp. 16, 2.


“In that fraction of a second when the chromosomes form pairs, the sex of the new child will be determined, hereditary characteristics received from each parent will be set, and a new life will have begun.”

Kaluger, G., and Kaluger, M., Human Development: The Span of Life, page 28-29, The C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, 1974.


An embryology textbook describes how birth is just an event in the development of a baby, not the beginning of his/her life.

“It should always be remembered that many organs are still not completely developed by full-term and birth should be regarded only as an incident in the whole developmental process.”

F Beck Human Embryology, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1985 page vi


“It is the penetration of the ovum by a sperm and the resulting mingling of nuclear material each brings to the union that constitutes the initiation of the life of a new individual.”

Clark Edward and  Corliss Patten’s Human Embryology, McGraw – Hill Inc., 30


“Although it is customary to divide human development into prenatal and postnatal periods, it is important to realize that birth is merely a dramatic event during development resulting in a change in environment.”

The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology fifth edition, Moore and Persaud, 1993, Saunders Company, page 1


“Your baby starts out as a fertilized egg… For the first six weeks, the baby is called an embryo.”

Prenatal Care, US Department Of Health And Human Services, Maternal and Child Health Division, 1990


“Landrum B. Shettles, M.D., P.h.D. was first scientist to succeed at in vitro fertilization:

“The zygote is human life….there is one fact that no one can deny; Human beings begin at conception.”

Zygote is a term for a newly conceived life after the sperm and the egg cell meet but before the embryo begins to divide.

From Landrum B. Shettles “Rites of Life: The Scientific Evidence for Life Before Birth” Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1983 p 40


The medical textbook, Before We Are Born – Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects, states:

“The zygote and early embryo are living human organisms.”

Keith L. Moore & T.V.N. Persaud Before We Are Born – Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects (W.B. Saunders Company, 1998. Fifth edition.) Page 500


“Thus a new cell is formed from the union of a male and a female gamete. [sperm and egg cells] The cell, referred to as the zygote, contains a new combination of genetic material, resulting in an individual different from either parent and from anyone else in the world.”

Sally B Olds, et al., Obstetric Nursing (Menlo Park, California: Addison – Wesley publishing, 1980)  P 136

Quoted in Eric Pastuszek. Is the Fetus Human? (Rockford, Illinois: Tan books And Publishers Inc., 1991)


“The term conception refers to the union of the male and female pronuclear elements of procreation from which a new living being develops. It is synonymous with the terms fecundation, impregnation, and fertilization … The zygote thus formed represents the beginning of a new life.”

J.P. Greenhill and E.A. Freidman. Biological Principles and Modern Practice of Obstetrics. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Publishers. 1974 Pages 17 and 23.


T.W. Sadler, Langman’s Medical Embryology, 10th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006. p. 11.

“Development begins with fertilization, the process by which the male gamete, the sperm, and the femal gamete, the oocyte, unite to give rise to a zygote.”


Keith L. Moore, Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology, 7th edition. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2008. p. 2.

“[The zygote], formed by the union of an oocyte and a sperm, is the beginning of a new human being.”


Ronan O’Rahilly and Fabiola Miller, Human Embryology and Teratology, 3rd edition. New York: Wiley-Liss, 2001. p. 8.

“Although life is a continuous process, fertilization… is a critical landmark because, under ordinary circumstances, a new genetically distinct human organism is formed when the chromosomes of the male and female pronuclei blend in the oocyte.”


“[All] organisms, however large and complex they might be as full grown, begin life as a single cell. This is true for the human being, for instance, who begins life as a fertilized ovum.”

Dr. Morris Krieger “The Human Reproductive System” p 88 (1969) Sterling Pub. Co


“The first cell of a new and unique human life begins existence at the moment of conception (fertilization) when one living sperm from the father joins with one living ovum from the mother. It is in this manner that human life passes from one generation to another. Given the appropriate environment and genetic composition, the single cell subsequently gives rise to trillions of specialized and integrated cells that compose the structures and functions of each individual human body. Every human being alive today and, as far as is known scientifically, every human being that ever existed, began his or her unique existence in this manner, i.e., as one cell. If this first cell or any subsequent configuration of cells perishes, the individual dies, ceasing to exist in matter as a living being. There are no known exceptions to this rule in the field of human biology.”

James Bopp, ed., Human Life and Health Care Ethics, vol. 2 (Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1985)


Rand McNally, Atlas of the Body (New York: Rand McNally, 1980) 139, 144

“In fusing together, the male and female gametes produce a fertilized single cell, the zygote, which is the start of a new individual.”

Quoted in Randy Alcorn “Pro-life Answers to Pro-Choice Arguments” (Sisters, Oregon: Multnomah Publishers, 2000)


“Your baby starts out as a fertilized egg…For the first six weeks, the baby is called an embryo.”

Prenatal Care, US Department of Health and Human Services, Maternal and Child Health Div 1990


“….it is scientifically correct to say that human life begins at conception.”

Dr. Micheline Matthews-Roth, Harvard Medical School: Quoted by Public Affairs Council


Shettles, Landrum, M.D., Rorvik, David, Rites of Life: The Scientific Evidence for Life Before Birth, page 36, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1983

“… Conception confers life and makes you one of a kind. Unless you have an identical twin, there is virtually no chance, in the natural course of things, that there will be “another you” – not even if mankind were to persist for billions of years.”


From Newsweek November 12, 1973:

“Human life begins when the ovum is fertilized and the new combined cell mass begins to divide.”

Dr. Jasper Williams, Former President of the National Medical Association (p 74)


“The formation, maturation and meeting of a male and female sex cell are all preliminary to their actual union into a combined cell, or zygote, which definitely marks the beginning of a new individual. The penetration of the ovum by the spermatozoon, and the coming together and pooling of their respective nuclei, constitutes the process of fertilization.”

Leslie Brainerd Arey, “Developmental Anatomy” seventh edition space (Philadelphia: Saunders, 1974), 55


The Biology of Prenatal Develpment, National Geographic, 2006. (Video)

“Biologically speaking, human development begins at fertilization.”


In the Womb, National Geographic, 2005 (Prenatal Development Video)

“The two cells gradually and gracefully become one. This is the moment of conception, when an individual’s unique set of DNA is created, a human signature that never existed before and will never be repeated.”


DeCoursey, R.M., The Human Organism, 4th edition McGraw Hill Inc., Toronto, 1974. page 584

“The zygote therefore contains a new arrangement of genes on the chromosomes never before duplicated in any other individual. The offspring destined to develop from the fertilized ovum will have a genetic constitution different from anyone else in the world.”


Thibodeau, G.A., and Anthony, C.P., Structure and Function of the Body, 8th edition, St. Louis: Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishers, St. Louis, 1988. pages 409-419

“The science of the development of the individual before birth is called embryology. It is the story of miracles, describing the means by which a single microscopic cell is transformed into a complex human being. Genetically the zygote is complete. It represents a new single celled individual.”


Scarr, S., Weinberg, R.A., and Levine A., Understanding Development, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1986. page 86

“The development of a new human being begins when a male’s sperm pierces the cell membrane of a female’s ovum, or egg….The villi become the placenta, which will nourish the developing infant for the next eight and a half months.”


Clark, J. ed., The Nervous System: Circuits of Communication in the Human Body, Torstar Books Inc., Toronto, 1985, page 99

“Each human begins life as a combination of two cells, a female ovum and a much smaller male sperm. This tiny unit, no bigger than a period on this page, contains all the information needed to enable it to grow into the complex …structure of the human body. The mother has only to provide nutrition and protection.”


Turner, J.S., and Helms, D.B., Lifespan Developmental, 2nd ed., CBS College Publishing (Holt, Rhinehart, Winston), 1983, page 53

“A zygote (a single fertilized egg cell) represents the onset of pregnancy and the genesis of new life.”


Carlson, Bruce M. Patten’s Foundations of Embryology. 6th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, p. 3

“Almost all higher animals start their lives from a single cell, the fertilized ovum (zygote)… The time of fertilization represents the starting point in the life history, or ontogeny, of the individual.”


Considine, Douglas (ed.). Van Nostrand’s Scientific Encyclopedia. 5th edition. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1976, p. 943

“Embryo: The developing individual between the union of the germ cells and the completion of the organs which characterize its body when it becomes a separate organism…. At the moment the sperm cell of the human male meets the ovum of the female and the union results in a fertilized ovum (zygote), a new life has begun…. The term embryo covers the several stages of early development from conception to the ninth or tenth week of life.”


Lennart Nilsson A Child is Born: Completely Revised Edition (Dell Publishing Co.: New York) 1986

“…but the whole story does not begin with delivery. The baby has existed for months before – at first signaling its presence only with small outer signs, later on as a somewhat foreign little being which has been growing and gradually affecting the lives of those close by…”


Kaluger, G., and Kaluger, M., Human Development: The Span of Life, page 28-29, The C.V. Mosby Co., St. Louis, 1974

“In that fraction of a second  when the chromosomes form pairs, [at conception] the sex of the new child will be determined, hereditary characteristics received from each parent will be set, and a new life will have begun.”


Langman, Jan. Medical Embryology. 3rd edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1975, p. 3

“The development of a human being begins with fertilization, a process by which two highly specialized cells, the spermatozoon from the male and the oocyte from the female, unite to give rise to a new organism, the zygote.”


Human Embryology, 3rd ed. Bradley M. Patten, (New York: McGraw Hill, 1968), 43.

“It is the penetration of the ovum by a spermatozoan and resultant mingling of the nuclear material each brings to the union that constitutes the culmination of the process of fertilization and marks the initiation of the life of a new individual.”


Essentials of Human Embryology, William J. Larsen, (New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1998), 1-17.

“In this text, we begin our description of the developing human with the formation and differentiation of the male and female sex cells or gametes, which will unite at fertilization to initiate the embryonic development of a new individual. … Fertilization takes place in the oviduct … resulting in the formation of a zygote containing a single diploid nucleus. Embryonic development is considered to begin at this point… This moment of zygote formation may be taken as the beginning or zero time point of embryonic development.”


From Human Embryology & Teratology, Ronan R. O’Rahilly, Fabiola Muller, (New York: Wiley-Liss, 1996), 5-55.

“Fertilization is an important landmark because, under ordinary circumstances, a new, genetically distinct human organism is thereby formed… Fertilization is the procession of events that begins when a spermatozoon makes contact with a secondary oocyte or its investments… The zygote … is a unicellular embryo..”


The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology, 6th ed. Keith L. Moore, Ph.D. & T.V.N. Persaud, Md., (Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1998), 2-18:

“[The Zygote] results from the union of an oocyte and a sperm. A zygote is the beginning of a new human being. Human development begins at fertilization, the process during which a male gamete or sperm … unites with a female gamete or oocyte … to form a single cell called a zygote. This highly specialized, totipotent cell marks the beginning of each of us as a unique individual.”


[Reprinted from LIFENEWS.COM]


NORM ‘n’ AL Note:  If you’re not really sure when life begins, at least you can know that the medical field does not share your uncertainty.




As always, posted for your edification and enlightenment by

NORM ‘n’ AL, Minneapolis





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